命令
Les Ordres
導演 Director:米修布洛特 Michel Brault

加拿大 Canada | 1974 | 107 分鐘 min | 黑白及彩色 B&W, Colour | DCP 法語、英語對白,英文字幕 In French, English with English subtitles

4/8 (日 Sun) 2:30pm

香港藝術中心古天樂電影院
Louis Koo Cinema, Hong Kong Arts Centre

購票 Ticketing

卡夫卡式無名審判一夜成真。1970年「十月危機」爆發,總理杜魯多對魁北克解放陣線兩宗政治綁架(《十月危城》擷取單一角度但有深入的描寫)擺出不妥協姿態,頒佈戰爭措施的法令,讓軍隊圍城,警察入屋毋須搜令,拘捕超過四百五十人。米修布洛特走訪其中五十人,仔細重塑廿一天階下囚心靈磨蝕的經過。演員介紹角色出場,旁白(或演員受訪片段)一路緊隨,紀實與虛構辯證。入獄前後的黑白片段對比彩色的獄中場景,卻統一在一片白茫茫的荒涼冷調中,一代人的白色恐懼,揭示民主政治深處的意志崩壞。這部見證加拿大歷史傷痕的作品令布洛特獲1975年康城最佳導演獎,被譽為魁北克首部大師級作品。是次放映2015年康城影展數碼修復版本。

A Kafkaesque trial happened in one night. In 1970, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau enforced the War Measure Act as a response to the October Crisis, in which the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) was responsible for two instances of political kidnapping. Under the declaration of the unyielding Canadian government, the military locked down the city while police arrested over 450 people without charges or warrants. Michel Brault interviewed 50 of them to create a chronicle of their experiences during those 21 days of incarceration. The black-and-white images of before and after incarceration contrast sharply with those prison scenes in color. A strong atmosphere of bleakness runs through the whole film, depicting a generation under political suppression and a democratic system crumpling from within. A testament to a painful chapter in Canadian history, Brault’s film won him the Best Director award at the Cannes Film Festival in 1975. Hailed as the first masterpiece of Quebecois cinema, Orderers will be presented in the digitally restored version that was first shown in Cannes 2015.

1975康城影展最佳導演
Best Director, Cannes Film Festival 1975

1975加拿大電影奬最佳電影
Best Feature Film, Canada Film Awards 1975

1984多倫多國際電影節加拿大影史電影十大第五位
No 5 of Top 10 Canadian Films of All Time, Toronto International Film Festival 1984

米修布洛特 Michel Brault

生於1928年加拿大滿地可。曾於滿地可大學修讀哲學。對於電影的興趣源自於與友人克勞德朱特拉在1948年共同製作短片電影Le Dément du lac Jean-Jeunes的經歷。大學時期已進入加拿大國家電影局工作,與皮亞皮可、Gilles Groulx等人拍攝紀錄片並推動「直接電影」。以電影攝影師的身份參與不少重要的魁北克電影工作,如《安東尼叔叔》(1971)及《好心放開我》(1980)。在1967年執導了個人第一部劇情長片電影Between Salt and Sweet Water(1967),其後以《命令》(1974)一作獲取了廣大的好評及多項獎項,包括1975康城影展最佳導演、1975加拿大電影奬最佳電影等。米修布洛特作為直接電影的代表人物,先後獲取了加拿大國家藝術委員會的莫里森獎(1980)、加拿大總督獎(1996)及魁北克勳章(2004)等殊榮。2013年因心臟病離世。  

Born in Montreal, Quebec in 1928. He studied philosophy at the University of Montreal. His interest in filmmaking was cultivated when he made a short film Le Dément du lac Jean-Jeunes with Claude Jutra in 1948. He worked in the National Film Board of Canada when he went to college. He shot documentaries with Pierre Perrault and Gilles Groulx and so on and develop direct cinema together. Before working in various films as a cinematographer, including My Uncle Antoine (1971)and Good Riddance (1980), he directed his first feature Between Salt and Sweet Water in 1967. He then directed Orderers (1974), the masterly film that earned him Best Director at the Cannes Film Festival 1975 and four Canadian Film Awards in 1975. For the whole of his works, Michel Brault became a leading figure of Direct Cinema and received the Victor-Morin Award (Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Montréal) in 1975, the Molson Award (Canada Arts Council) in 1980, the Governor-general's Award in 1996, and L’Ordre du Québec in 2004. He died of heart attack in 2013.