導演簡歷年表
Director Biography

年份 日本社會及政治大事 若松孝二 足立正生
1936 在宮城縣出生,原名伊藤孝
1939 在福岡縣出生
1945 第二次世界大戰結束
1952 和當時很多鄉下的年輕人一樣,若松到東京找出路,卻因參與黑社會打鬥而入獄
1959 日美開始協商修改《美日安全保障條約》,翌年日本眾議院強行通過新安保條約,學生和工會發動大規模示威運動 開始參與電視電影的拍攝與製作 入讀日本大學藝術學部電影學科
1961 學生短片《捥》獲得學生電影節大獎,引起注目
1963 以150萬日元製作費完成第一部長片《甜美的陷阱》,作品大賣,從此開始了漫長的導演生涯
1964 與大林宣彦、高林陽一、佐藤重臣及唐奴烈治等人成立推動實驗電影製作及上映的組織「Film Independent」
1965 《隔牆有秘》入選柏林國際電影節,卻被批為國恥。同年成立若松製作公司
1966 觀看獨立電影《鎖陰》(1963)後主動認識足立正生 開始擔任若松的副導演和編劇,後來成為若松製作旗下的導演
1968 學生發起第二次反安保鬥爭,新左翼運動盛行,東大學生佔領安田講堂,全國各大學及高中分別組織全共鬥(全學共鬥會議)投入大規模的大學抗爭。翌年抗爭開始漸告一段落後少數激進派學生意圖繼續抗爭,聯合赤軍同時開始活躍 導演若松製作出品、若松監製的《性地帶》
1970 三島由紀夫衝進位於市谷的自衛隊基地,向在場的自衛隊隊員作政變演說失敗後當場切腹身亡
1971 為達到世界同時革命的目的,赤軍派的重信房子等人遠赴海外,在中東組織阿拉伯赤軍 康城導演雙週上映《被侵犯的白衣天使》(1967)及《性賊》(1970),若松和足立參加電影節後途經黎巴嫩,在重信房子的協助下拍攝有關解放巴勒斯坦人民陣線(PFLP)的紀錄片《赤軍:PFLP世界戰爭宣言》,影片在日本全國各地上映,很多年輕人受感動,響應參加支援赤軍活動,當中包括岡本公三
1972 二月,聯合赤軍在淺間山莊進行武裝鬥爭,轟動全球;沖繩於五月回歸日本;赤軍派的岡本公三、奧平剛士、安田泰之在盧德國際機場劫機,事後奧平與安田死亡,岡本被捕
1974 重信房子更名阿拉伯赤軍為日本赤軍 到巴勒斯坦與重信會合,正式成為日本赤軍一員,擔任宣傳公關
1976 擔任大島渚導演《感官世界》的製片
1983 在名古屋開設戲院Cinema Skhole,除了上映自己的電影外,也上映世界各國各種類型的影片,戲院目前仍在營業
1995 東京地鐵沙林毒氣事件;阪神大地震
1997 在黎巴嫩被捕
2000 重信房子在日本被捕,翌年發表赤軍解散聲明 被遣返日本
2004 為若松導演的《17歲的風景》編劇
2007 畢生大作《赤軍殘酷內鬥暗黑史》公映 闊別35年後再次執導的電影《幽閉者/恐怖份子》公映,影片以岡本公三為藍本
2010 法國電影資料館舉行若松孝二回顧展,不少若松六、七十年代的作品獲重新發掘
2011 3月11日,東日本大地震,海嘯與餘震引發大規模災害 去世前一直準備把東京電力隱藏核電站事故真相的故事搬上銀幕
2012 回到創作高峰期,一年裏完成《海燕Hotel Blue》、《三島由紀夫自決之日》及《千年之愉樂》三部作品;10月4日獲釜山國際電影節頒發亞洲電影人獎;10月17日因交通意外離世,一生導演電影有130多部
2013 遺作《千年之愉樂》公映,電影改編自中上健次的小說
2016 鹿特丹國際影展舉辦足立正生回顧展;他的最新電影《絕食藝人》公映,電影改編自卡夫卡的小說
Year Social & Political Issues in Japan Koji Wakamatsu Masao Adachi
1936 Born Takashi Ito in Miyagi
1939 Born in Fukuoka
1945 End of World War II
1952 Like many youngsters at that time, Wakamatsu went for opportunities in Tokyo, yet he joined the yakuza and landed in prison as a consequence of fighting
1959 Bilateral talks on revising the 1951 Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security Between the United States and Japan began, it was approved by the House of Representatives in the next year. Massive demonstrations and rioting by students and trade unions followed Started engaging in television film production Entered College of Art, Nihon University and majored in Cinema Studies
1961 His short film Bowl was awarded in a student film festival, which raised his reputation as a director
1963 Started his life of film direction by making his first own pink film feature Sweet Trap. The production cost was only 1.5 million Yen, and the film was well-received
1964 Formed ‘Film Independent’, a group promoting experimental films production, with Nobuhiko Obayashi, Yoichi Takabayashi, Shigechika Sato, Donald Richie and others
1965 Secrets Behind the Wall was entered into the Berlin International Film Festival, yet in Japan the preference of a disreputable pink film was considered a ‘national disgrace’. He founded Wakamatsu Productions in the same year
1966 Got to know Adachi after watching the independent film Closed Vagina (1963) Started to be assistant director and screenwriter of Wakamatsu, then became a director under Wakamatsu Productions
1968 Second wave of anti-ANPO movement was initiated by students. Started in Tokyo University, the movement spread to universities and high schools across the country, with Student-body Struggle Committee (Zenkyoto) is assembled across the university. The Red Army faction became active when the movement started to decline in the next year Directed Seichitai, a film produced by Wakamatsu
1970 Yukio Mishima seized control of a Japanese military base, tried and failed to inspire a coup to restore the Emperor's pre-war powers. Mishima then committed ritual suicide by seppuku
1971 Aiming at a world revolution, Fusako Shigenobu and some other members of the Red Army Faction went to the Middle East to create international branches of the Japanese Red Army, namely Arab-JRA Violated Angels (1967) and Sex Jack (1970) were shown in the Directors' Fortnight in Cannes. Wakamatsu and Adachi visited Lebanon after joining the film festival. With the help of Fusako Shigenobu, they made the documentary The Red Army/PFLP: Declaration of World War, which about the Japan's Red Army faction and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. This film was shown in Japan, some youngsters, including Kozo Okamoto, were moved to join the activities of the Red Army faction
1972 The Asama-Sanso incident, a hostage crisis and police siege carried by the United Red Army, happened in February, which was extensively covered by Japanese media. Okinawa was returned to Japan in May. Kozo Okamoto of the Red Army Faction, along with Yasuyuki Yasuda, and Tsuyoshi Okudaira, attacked Lod Airport in Tel Aviv. Yasuda and Okudaira died, Okamoto was captured
1974 Fusako Shigenobu changed the name of Arab-JRA to the Japanese Red Army Went to the Middle East and worked with Fusako Shigenobu as a member of the Japanese Red Army
1976 Worked with Nagisa Oshima for In the Realm of the Senses as the Production Manager
1983 Opened Cinema Skhole in Nagoya, showing films of his own and different kinds of films over the world. The cinema is still here
1995 The Tokyo Subway Sarin Incident, the Great Hanshin earthquake
1997 Was arrested in Lebanon
2000 Fusako Shigenobu was arrested in Japan, she issued a statement from detention declaring the Japanese Red Army had disbanded the next year Was repatriated Japan
2004 Wrote Cycling Chronicles: Landscapes the Boy Saw, film directed by Wakamatsu
2007 United Red Army, the most important work of Wakamatsu released Directed Prisoner/Terrorist after 35 years, the film is based on the life of Kozo Okamoto
2010 Cinémathèque Française, a film archive in France, hosted a Wakamatsu retrospective, many of his works from the 60-70s were retrieved
2011 The Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11 Was planning on his latest project, which concerned Japan's nuclear industry lobby and the Tokyo-based Tokyo Electric Power Company
2012 Returned to the summit of his creativity by finishing Kaien Hotel in Blue, 11.25: The Day He Chose His Own Fate and The Millennial Rapture within a year. Named Asian Filmmaker of the Year by Busan International Film Festival on October 4. Died in a car accident on October 17. He made more than 130 works in his life
2013 His final work adopted from Kenji Nakagami’s novel, The Millennial Rapture released
2016 International Film Festival Rotterdam hosted a retrospective of Adachi. Inspired by Franz Kafka’s short story A Hunger Artist, Adachi returns with his latest feature Artist of Fasting